24ty6 2bybi i9d8s k4rnr s63ye 9e5f9 r749s yzye3 6r28n didt2 yashy 2f3sr 38is7 4btif fe26b a9ket a3tt8 bee52 yty79 rza98 feb6a Remarks on "Revelation in the Storm and Thunderstorm" and "The Christ" by N. A. Morozov |

Remarks on "Revelation in the Storm and Thunderstorm" and "The Christ" by N. A. Morozov

2021.10.24 07:08 crystallize1 Remarks on "Revelation in the Storm and Thunderstorm" and "The Christ" by N. A. Morozov

I am beginning to fulfill my promise to you to express in writing a number of my thoughts, some of which I had to share orally with you at meetings last year and this year, thoughts which have arisen and are arising in connection - I dare not say "with studying", but at any rate, with a rather detailed and long acquaintance with the historical works of N.A. Morozov, beginning with "Revelation in the Storm and Storm" and up to the last sixth volume of "Christ". I have been following all these books since they appeared, i.e. since 1907, but only recently, in recent years, have I had the opportunity to re-read all the volumes at once, to ponder many things afresh and, so to speak, to "cross-read" and check a number of the author's conjectures and judgments.
The questions are not only "historical" in the former and generally accepted use of the word, but questions, I would say, "scientific-methodological" in the broadest sense, questions which have always interested me most intensely, - in the formulation given by the author of "Christ" they rise such a huge and formidable cloud, that you just lose yourself, not finding where to begin a more or less coherent discussion and whether for this purpose it is necessary to write the same number of volumes. But for the obvious physical and technical impracticability of the latter, I ask you in advance not to be indebted if my remarks are inappropriately brief and sketchy, sometimes having the character of cursory hints or timid conjectures.
I would never have dared even in such "private-written" form to lodge my voice in this affair, if not that strange at first sight and making, like the author of "Apocalypse", "marvel with great wonder" - circumstance that the only general answer to N.A.Morozov's colossal work remains silence - deepest silence of both all scientific environment, and wide circles of our and foreign readers. May be (and it is very likely) I just do not know much, may be there are researchers or thinking people, even in great numbers, who are capable of thinking over the historical and other views of the author of "Christ", if only to strengthen the foundation of generally accepted views by demonstrating their invalidity, but I did not meet any such specialists among wide circle, and from printed reviews I know only articles of professors Nikolsky and Preobrazhensky, articles of rather cursory and "passing" nature. Already in itself the fact of this silence is so expressive, that leads to reflections and urgently demands an explanation, and which I have heard - suffer groundlessness and obvious stretching.
They refer, for example, (most often) to the futility of arguing with the author of Christ: "you cannot convince him of the fallacy of his methods anyway", or to his revolutionary-social and natural-scientific merits as something that prevents them from attacking his historical works. All this, of course, could in no way prevent debate and discussion of the latter, if not in print and in the presence of the author, then in any circle of persons interested in questions of world history. But there is no such circle anywhere, at least I do not know it and have not heard anything about it. Let's assume that all the constructions Morozov - all through erroneous and ridiculous, so why not show their own correct and reasonable methods and approaches to world history, to teach the uninformed and skeptics, by criticizing these errors and demonstrating these absurdities? None of this is anywhere in sight. And in the end I can think of no other explanation for this "conspiracy of silence" than to point to the confusion and the deaf resistance that every new discovery, every new illumination of old material, meets in the world, which hurts all too painfully the familiar age-old "calluses of thought.
Sigmund Freud, the creator of psychoanalysis, described the first time he gave a talk on his theory at the Vienna Society of Specialists in Various Fields of Medicine, chaired by Kraft-Ebbing: "I regarded my findings as indifferent scientific material and expected to meet the same attitude on the part of others, but only the silence that prevailed after my lecture, the emptiness that formed around me, the insinuations to my address made me realize little by little that my statements on the role of sexuality and the etiology of neurosis could not expect the same treatment as other scientific papers. I realized that from that point on I belonged to those who, in Bebel's phrase, 'disturbed the peace of the world' and could not expect to be treated objectively."
This is something of the same kind that has been going on in the intellectual world for the second decade now with the reaction to the positions put forward by N.A.Morozov: silence, emptiness, awkward hints instead of objections, or any statements on the merits of the case. We can already conclude from this fact alone that in this case, too, the "peace of the world" has been broken, and in a way that it rarely has been. Obviously, we are on the eve of a tremendous explosion in history and not only in it. The history of all sciences in our twentieth century is full of similar explosions and upheavals. Physics, chemistry, etc., are being rebuilt on the fly and rebuilt to the ground, as perhaps never before in all the growth and development of these sciences. It is hard to think that history alone will remain unshaken for long in the midst of these upheavals. In general, all of the humanities are forced from hour to hour to a radical break in all of their methods and techniques, to a regrouping of all materials, to the urgent need for a thousand times closer alignment with the natural and experimental sciences than it was, or rather how it has looked until now. The works of N.A. Morozov are one of the clearest symptoms of the closeness to the urgent need for this reorganization, and at the same time they are likely to serve as powerful levers. This is their first and absolutely undeniable significance and dignity.
In the last quarter of the last century, Friedrich Nietzsche, looking at the "historical-philological" occupation of the brains of European humanities scholars, spoke of the excesses of history. Such a speech caused indignant amazement in one Russian thinker. "And this is the excessiveness of history?" - he exclaimed - "Debris, ruins, and pale memories, or vague assumptions! Such nothingness and squalor, such sad meagerness are passed off as excess, as superfluity!!!"
However, he himself admits elsewhere that "excessiveness" has some reason - if we speak of a passive history, busy only with collecting countless remnants of the past and sorting them out (always a dubious and guessing sorting). Obviously, it cannot go on like this. The paucity, insignificance and squalor of our true historical knowledge is what Morozov's books first of all provide a palpable sense of to a nightmarish degree. It is as if they tear the ground out from under the feet of the modern historian. What is left to him solid? Ruins and ghosts. "Magic tales" and misty dreams! Piles of skulls and fragments, over which one sits in pensive contemplation. Will these bones come to life? When and how? It seems indisputable to me that any conscientious scholar of history in our time should wish and contribute to the strengthening and growth of the historical skepticism, the revaluation of all values, which is called for in the works of Morozov. Such a radical questioning of our historical "knowledge" has never been done before. And the fact that the author has begun to verify it in the full armor of natural scientific knowledge and techniques gives special value to this attempt. The first step to any real knowledge is, as has been known since (albeit guessing and mythical) Socrates, the recognition of one's ignorance, the rejection of unreliable knowledge and the verification of insufficiently verified knowledge. Wholly agreeing, therefore, with the assertion of one of the critics quoted by the author of Christ in the preface to the fourth volume, that his activity is "the beginning of the revolution in historical science", a revolution to the extreme urgent and "historically" inevitable, I will not dwell further on this side of the issue. It is clear that it will not be possible to "shut up" and bury what N.A.Morozov did in oblivion. Sooner or later (and probably very soon, no later than in the forties of our century) our academies and institutes will be forced to start a systematic review of all material given in seven volumes of "Christ", to check all denials and assertions, methods and hypothetical conjectures exposed there.
And here a new and interesting problem arises that is not specifically related to history, but is rooted in the shortcomings of the existing organization and technique of scientific work in general. At modern disintegration of experts of different sciences, at a bushy-individual way of scientific production and improvisational-fair systems of exchange and mutual acquaintance, it is very difficult to imagine such organization of scientific workers which really would be able to raise on its shoulders such task as check and work through everything, which by criticism and hypothesis of N.A.Morozov was closed or planned for "digging", without "duds" and hopeless interdepartmental frictions. Here one cannot do without large, branched out teams in the manner of factory or military-technical ones - with a strict detailed technical division of labor and precise control, in a word, with everything that is almost unused even in natural-science "laboratories" and to which, however, all economic prerequisites are maturing by the minute. But I will not expand on this subject now, since I have already had to speak about it in print in the last 15 years. A summary of the thoughts of all those authors whose thought stopped at the forthcoming revolution in the organization of the process of scientific work itself - can be found in my article "The Economics of Scientific Production" (Journal "October Thought" 1924, Nos. 3-4 and 5-6). There it is clearly shown why and how this very "science" that now organizes all "labor", itself as a branch of labor activity, remains least organized, being likened to a needle that "covers everybody, but walks naked". This question then received some public response, but the real echo of it - fundamentally distorted - was so far only the notorious ad hominem - that very, deliberately pernicious, head-hunting and bureaucratic "planning of science," which is only a crude parody of the true organization of scientific work. This has now been recognized and realized in a number of areas. For example, some curious data on the nature of the existing "planning" in the field of medical sciences - are given in my correspondence with Academician A.D. Speransky, which you know.
In a word, the real fight for scientific planning, for organized scientific work, in fact, has not yet begun. We cannot speak directly about the humanities in this respect. It is hoped that the need to work collectively on scientific and historical positions and to check conjectures of N.A.Morozov will be one of the strongest impulses to speed up the overdue organizational overturn, reorganization and start collectivization of scientific work in our country as well as in other countries. As one of many problems which call for this kind of reorganization, it is enough to point at least to the problem of ancient manuscript documentation in the light which was first given to it by N.A.Morozov. What can one object, for instance, to his demand, which is as reasonable as it is, for paleographers and historians to "check the errors found in ancient manuscripts against the errors of the first printed editions in a given language"? No one ever thought to do such a verification, and yet it is certainly the best means to determine whether a manuscript is apocryphal or forged. Having an alphabetical list of errors and inaccuracies in the first printed editions of any work, it would not be difficult to check each examined manuscript against it: whether it was copied from a printed copy. (See Volume II, p. 616 "Christ" )*
To make at least a list of all the problems requiring a large and complex organized apparatus for their resolution and elaboration, problems first emphasized by the author of "Christ", is the very first task for anyone who would set himself to begin, with complete scientific integrity, the elementary mastery of all this colossal material. Until even this is done, any conversation on the topics raised by the author cannot claim to have much scientific or historical weight. It will simply be a conversation "about" the topic, around and about it.
It is precisely this kind of conversation that I intend to have with you in the letters that follow. I proceed from a confidence that in such a complex web of methods and methods of thought, which exists in the works of N.A.Morozov, no serious and thoughtful words in the end will not be superfluous and can further serve as a certain "point of departure" for new methodological searches and installations in the transformed historical science. And so this first letter will be a kind of business "introduction" to the conversation, which I will try to give a more free and relaxed character in the future. Here one need not be afraid of assertions of a more or less "intuitive" hypothetical nature, infected with a certain amount of courage from the author under review himself. That's okay. Let us remember Razumikhin's slogan in Crime and Punishment: "We all lie, but somehow, by lying, we'll get to the truth". And so, for now, until the next letter.
*In further letters, I will refer to the volumes of "Christ" by simply indicating the volume /Roman numeral/ and page /Arabic/ in brackets, without typing the title.
A.Gorsky
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2021.10.24 07:08 gold_beans Orchid Research Project - Job Listing (Short Term Paid Work) Suitable for Hobbyist or Expert

Hello everyone!
I am conducting research as a non-professional orchid fan, to help me succeed in a small project I am part of with a group of study friends, all about orchids.
As an amateur grower myself, I chose orchids as the topic of my study project because I felt it was a subject I could really enjoy (and I am loving it) but the amount of rich information out there is so deep that now quite honestly, it's becoming a little overwhelming! So here I am. Attempting to create some order and seek out help.
I have been conducting my own personal research in my spare time, but I felt it would be better to attempt to recruit some additional support, given that the subject matter is so vast. I would be naïve to assume that I could ever learn all there is to know about orchids, let alone on my own, which is obviously why fantastic forums such as these exist with a helpful community of like minded people willing to share their thoughts and knowledge with others.
Not sure if this is so interesting to anyone here as it's really only a basic and temporary job, but it might be great for someone who has a shared passion for orchids (as we all do) and is looking for a little extra work. Especially as there are plenty of people who are struggling due to the pandemic.
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It's mostly aimed to be fun job (open to potentially more than 1 candidate) with a generalist and hobbyist focused view and is definitely not intended to undermine those clever people who dedicate their lives to these fabulous flowers and all the amazing research and biology that goes on behind it all.
Anyway, I thought I would share the job listing here for anyone who was interested: https://www.upwork.com/jobs/~01fe5353d1593a79b8
But if you would like to offer freely any opinions and knowledge yourself to any of the specific topics I am researching, please feel free to view and contribute with as little or as many responses to this Google form here: https://forms.gle/urMJTTcSshXLZAaN7
Thank you all so much in advance!
G.B
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